Vaporizers work by gradually heating your cannabis to a temperature that will turn beneficial compounds into a vapor while leaving the majority of the plant matter intact. By heating your cannabis below the combustion point, you are able to inhale more beneficial compounds without releasing any of the harmful compounds, like benzene, associated with smoke. The compounds in cannabis are more medicinally effective when allowed to work together. Scientists call this the “entourage effect”.
Here’s a helpful chart of the boiling points of many of the beneficial cannabinoids, terpenes, phytosterols, and flavonoids; as well as their medicinal properties.
|β-Caryophyllene||119°C / 246.2° F||Anti-inflammatory, Cytoprotective, Antimalarial.|
|β-Sitosterol||134°C / 273.2° F||Anti-inflammatory, 5-α-reductase inhibitor.|
|α-Pinene||156°C / 312.8°F||Anti-inflammatory, Bronchodilator, Stimulant, Antibiotic (Treats MRSA), Anti-neoplastic, AChE inhibitor.|
|Δ-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)||157°C / 314.6°F||Euphoriant, Analgesic, Anti-inflammatory, Antioxidant, Anti-emetic. Psychoactive.|
|Cannabidiol (CBD)||160-180°C / 320-356°F||Anxiolytic, Analgesic, Anti-psychotic, Anti-inflammatory, Antioxidant, Anti-spasmodic. Non-psychoactive.|
|β-Myrcene||166-168°C / 330.8-334.4°F||Analgesic, Anti-inflammatory, Antibiotic, Anti-mutagenic.|
|Δ-3-Carene||168°C / 334.4°F||Anti-inflammatory.|
|Δ-8-Tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ-8-THC)||175-178°C / 347-352.4°F||Resembles Δ-9-THC, Less psychoactive, More stable Antiemetic.|
|1,8-Cineole (Eucalyptol)||176°C / 348.8° F||AChE inhibitor, Increases cerebral blood flow, Stimulant, Antibiotic, Antiviral, Anti-inflammatory, Antinociceptive.|
|P-Cymene||177°C / 350.6°F||Antibiotic, Anticandidal, AChE inhibitor.|
|D-Limonene||177°C / 350.6°F||Cannabinoid Receptor Agonist, Immune potentiator, Antidepressant, Antimutagenic.|
|Apigenin||178°C / 352.4°F||Anxiolytic, Anti-inflammatory, Estrogenic.|
|Cannaflavin A||182°C / 359.6°F||COX inhibitor, LO inhibitor.|
|Cannabinol (CBN) – 185°C / 365°F||185°C / 365°F||Product of breakdown/oxidisation. Anti-insomnia, Sedative, Antibiotic.|
|Linalool||198° C / 388.4°F||Sedative, Relaxant, Antidepressant, Anxiolytic, Immune Potentiator.|
|CAREFUL, NOW YOU’RE GETTING SMOKE||200°C / 397°F|
|Benzene||Benzene – 205°C/401°F||Can be harmful/carcinogenic over long periods of time.|
|Terpineol-4-ol||209°C / 408.2°F||AChE inhibitor, Antibiotic.|
|Borneol||210°C / 410°F||Antibiotic.|
|Terpineol||217-218°C / 422.6-424.4°F||Sedative, Antibiotic, AChE inhibitor, Antioxidant, Antimalarial.|
|Cannabichromene (CBC)||220°C / 428°F||Anti-inflammatory, Antibiotic, Antifungal.|
|Tetrahydrocannabvivarin (THC-V)||~220°C / ~428°F||Analgesic, Euphoriant, Anti-Diabetic, Appetite Suppressant, Bone Stimulant.|
|Pulegone||224°C / 435.2°F||Memory Enhancer, AChE inhibitor, Sedative, Antipyretic.|
|Quercetin||250°C / 482°F||Antioxidant, Antimutagenic, Antiviral, Antineoplastic.|
Dude… What Does That Even Mean?
Don’t worry. I know sometimes it can be difficult to translate medical jargon into regular English for regular people. So here’s a little glossary of terms:
5-α-reductase inhibitor: A class of drugs with anti-androgen (testosterone blocking) effects. Often used in the treatment of prostate cancer.
AChE inhibitor: Used in the palliative treatment of Alzheimer’s Disease.
Anti-inflammatory: Relieves inflammation.
Anti-insomniac: Relieves insomnia, helps you sleep.
Anti-mutagenic: Prevents cells from mutating. (Cancer is a mutation).
Antibiotic: Used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infection
Anticandidal: Fights the candida albicans, a pathogenic yeast that can cause problems in your gut.
Antidepressant: Used for the treatment of major depressive disorder and many other conditions, including (but not limited to) dysthymia, anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, eating disorders, chronic pain, and neuropathic pain.
Antiemetic: Effective against vomiting and nausea. Antiemetics are typically used to treat motion sickness and the side effects of opioid analgesics, general anesthetics, and chemotherapy directed against cancer.
Antimalarial: Used to treat or prevent malaria.
Antimutagenic: Interferes with the ability of DNA to mutate in a variety of ways. (Cancer is one example of a way cells can mutate).
Antineoplastic: Used in the treatment of metastatic colon cancer. The term is applicable to dozens of other chemotherapy agents used to treat this and other forms of cancer.
Antinociceptive: Blocks nerves from detecting of a painful or injurious stimulus. (Nerve blockers)
Antioxidant: A molecule that inhibits the oxidation of other molecules. Oxidation is a chemical reaction that can produce free radicals, leading to chain reactions that may damage cells.
Antipsychotic: Also known as neuroleptics or major tranquilizers, are a class of medication primarily used to manage psychosis, principally in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.
Antipyretic: Effective in reducing fevers.
Antispasmodics: Drug or other agent that suppresses muscle spasm.
Antiviral: A class of medication used specifically for treating viral infections rather than bacterial ones.
Anxiolytic: Combats anxiety.
Bronchodilator: Dialates (expands) the bronchial tubes. Similar to a corticosteroid inhaler.
Cannabinoid Receptor Agonist: Binds to cannabinoid receptors (CBR) and prevents their activation by endocannabinoids.
Carcinogen: Causes cancer.
Cerebral blood flow: Blood flow to the brain.
COX inhibitor/LO inhibitor: Effective NSAID painkiller similar to Aspirin,.
Cytoprotective: Combats ulcers not by reducing gastric acid but by increasing mucosal protection.
Estrogenic: A substance that functions or behaves like estrogen.
Euphoriant: Producing a feeling of euphoria. (Pleasure or excitement and intense feelings of well-being and happiness).
Immune Potentiator: Also known as immunostimulators, are substances (drugs and nutrients) that stimulate the immune system by inducing activation or increasing activity of any of its components.
Non-psychoactive: Does not make you feel “high”.
Psychoactive: A chemical substance that changes brain function and results in alterations in perception, mood, consciousness or behavior. (ie Makes you feel “high”).
Relaxant: A drug that affects skeletal muscle function and decreases the muscle tone. It may be used to alleviate symptoms such as muscle spasms, pain, and hyperreflexia.
Sedative: Promoting calm or inducing sleep.
Stimulant: A substance that raises levels of physiological or nervous activity in the body. Too much can result in symptoms of hyperactivity or anxiety.
So, Where Should I Set My Vaporizer?
Ideally, you should start your vape session around 150°C or 300°F and work your way up in increments of 5 to 10°C, usually maxing out around 200°C/392°F. If you’d like to set it and forget it, about 190°C or 375°F is a good “catch all” temperature for the majority of cannabinoids.
Download a super cool infographic here: